Webu Sayadaw Insight meditation
Written by Dr U Than Sein   
Sunday, 18 November 2007

txufjrefrmjynf rEÅav;wdkif; ausmufqnfjrdKY a0bl7yfrS?

aus;Zl;awmf&Sif a0blq&mawmf t&Sifjrwf

0dyóemw&m;

 

 

ed'gef;

        ]&[EÅm} [k jrefjynfwvTm; xif&Sm;ausmfMum;í? a0;7yfa'o rSy&dowfrsm; ysm;yef;cwfrQ? aeYnrvyf rjywfpD;um 0wfwGm; aumfa&mf zl;ajr§mfouúm, qnf;uyfukd; uG,f jcif;ukd cHawmfrljyD;? w&m;a&at;tjrdKufaq;ukd tjrJrjywfwkdufauR;vsuf aeawmfrl&Sm aom? txufjrefrmjynf rEÅav;wdkif; ausmufqnfjrdKY a0bl7yfrS? aus;Zl;awmf&Sif a0blq&mawmf t&Sifjrwfonf xif&Sm; ay:xGef;í vmacsjyDwum;/

        þokdY owå0ga0ae,swkdY\ uHtm;avsmfpGm ay:aygufí/ vmawmfrlaom &[EÅm ocift&Sifjrwftm; ukd,fwkdifukd,fus tm;& yg;& zl;ajr§mf&½kHESifh auseyfESpfodrfhí aeMu&vQif? 0uúvd t&Sifjrwftm; bk&m;&Sif rdefYawmf rlonfhtwkdif; yk*¾dKvfukd zl;jrif ½kHrQESifh tusdK;rjyD;/

        xkdukd,fawmft&Sifjrwf\ avhvmokH;oyf? txyfxyf yGm;rsm; tyfaom 0dyóem w&m;awmfjrwfukd twyfodjrifatmif tm;xkwf yGm;rsm;rS zl;jrif&usdK;eyfrnfjzpf aomaMumifh trsm;a0aersm; Akdvfacs wkdY vG,fvifhwul enf;,lrSwfom; q&mawmf bk&m;\ 0dyóem w&m;ukd tm;vyfcGifh&aomtcg tvkd&Sdwkdif; qkwfqkdif;r&Sd? Munfh½SK rSwfom; tm;xkwf oGm;EkdifMu&efukdvnf; vkdtyfvSayonf/

        okdYjzpfaomaMumifh q&mawmfbk&m;\ ukd,fawmfwkdif vrf; nTef enf;jy qkdqkH;r awmfrlaom tEkomoeD pum; 0dyóem tm; xkwfykH tm;xkwfenf;rsm;ukd trsm;jynfol a0'*lwkdY MunfjzLrSwfom; 7ef þ pmtkyf ukd zwf½kHESifh em;vnfoGm;atmif a&;om;jy  qkdaytHhownf;/

 

ZdeomoeH pd&H wd|wk

a0blq&mawmf

 

0dyóemw&m;a[mawmfrlykH

(1)     0dyóemw&m;qkdwm xif&Sm;&Sdaom w&m;ukd jrifatmif ½SK&onf/

(2)     xif&Sm;&Sdaom w&m;ukd jrifatmifr½SKEkdifvQif 0dyóem rjrif/

(3)     xif&Sm;&Sdaomw&m;qkdwm tjcm;rSm oGm;í &SmrS &wmrsdK; r[kwf/ ukd,frSm&Sdaom w&m;jzpfonf/

(4)     ukd,frSm&Sdaom w&m;qkdwm xGufouf0ifoufjzpfonf/

(5)     xGufouf0ifoufqkdwm trd0rf;uarG;uwnf;u &Sdaeaom aoonf txd tjrJrjywf wvpyf&Sdaeaom w&m;oabm jzpfonf/

(6)     xGufouf0ifoufonf tvkyfvkyfae&if; pum;ajymae&if; pm;&if; ae&if; pmusufae&if; pOf;pm;ae&if;vnf;&Sdonf/ tdyfaysmfae&if;vJ &SdaewmbJjzpfonf/

(7)     xGufouf0ifoufonf tjrJrjywf &Sdaeaomfvnf; trSwfwrJh aeMuí owdrrl *lrjrif? owdrlvsif jrLukdawmif jrif&w,f qkdwmvkdyJ *½kpkdufMunfhrS &SdrSef;odMuonf/

(8)     Munfhw,fqkd&mü 0dyóemjzpfzkdY&mrSm xGufoufav 0ifouf av xd&m ESmoD;zsm;rSm &dyf&dyf? &dyf&dyfESifh xdoGm;wmukd odatmif Munfh&onf/

(9)     xdwm[m y&rwfoabm jzpfonf/ odwmu emrf oabm jzpfonf/

(10)   w&dyf&dyfESifh xdwkdif;? aysmufwkdif;? ½kyfemrfESpfyg; jzpfrIysufrIawG jzpfysufí aejcif; jzpfonf/

(11)   w&dyf&dyfESifh ESmoD;zsm;wGif xdvkdufaysmufvkduf aewm awGukdom wqufwnf;jrifatmif MunfhaevQif Mumaom tcg 0dyóem orm"dwpxufwp? wcPxufwcP wkd;wufí? tm;MuD; vmaomtcg ESmoD;zsm;rSmwGifru cE¨m ukd,frSmvnf; tvkdvkd w&dyf&dyfw&G&G jzpfvmwmawGukd awGY& wwfonf/ awGYvkdaom ae&mwGif pdwfjzifhpkdufí ½SKae vQifvnf;  w&dyf&dyf w&G&GESifhyif awGYae&wwf\/

(12)   wukd,fvkH;ü w&dyf&dyfawG w&G&GawG tpOfrjywf jzpfysuf vsuf aewmawGukd awGYívmaomtcg (tedpöondaem arCd, tewåonm oP²mwd) [laom ygVdt& tedpöukd aumif;pGm jrif&aomaMumifh tewåukd tvkdvkdxifí vmvdrfhrnf/ 0dyóem a,m*D\ tvkyfonf xdrIukd Munfh½SK ae½kHomjzpfonf/ Munf½SKae&if; odoifhod xkduf orQ ukdrlum;? tvkdvkd odí vm vdrfhrnf/

(13)   þuJhokdY w&dyf&dyfESifh xdrIwkdYukd Munfh½SKae&if; r*fÓPf zkdvfÓPf jzpfívmonf&Sdaomf odomvSyg\/ tb,fokdY od& rnfenf; [lrl? a&iwfí aeaomolonf a&ukd aomuf& onf&Sdaomf a&iwfajyvm\/

(14)   r*fÓPfzkdvfÓPfukd &jyD;a&mufjyD;í zvormywfukd 0ifpm; vkd vQif rdrdvmbl;aom vrf;ukd jyefíMunfh&\/

(15)   þtwkdif;jzpfcsifvQif w&dyf&dyfESifh xdrIwkdYukdom Munfh½Iíae? axGumvDumawGukd vkdufí vkyfraeESifh/

        þtxufygqkH;rcsuf (15) csuftwkdif; aus;Zl;&Sif a0blq&mawmf&m;MuD;u? Mo0g' ay;oem;awmfrlaom 0dyóemenf;rSm tusOf; oacFyrQom jzpf\/

        tus,f0dw¬m&vlwkdif;em;vnfí zwf½kHESifh tm;xkwf wwf atmif a&;jy&efrlum; atmufygtwkdif; jzpfyg\/ atmufygtwkdif; aocsmpGm zwfMunfhvQifrlum; vlwkdif;em;vnfí vG,fvG,fululESifh r*fzkdvfukd &atmif tm;xkwfEkdifygonf/

 

 

tm;xkwfykHtus,frSm

        w&m;tm;xkwfrnfMuHvQif a&S;OD;pGm bk&m;w&m;oHCm&wem okH;yg; q&m rdbwkdYtm; &Sdckd;uefawmh ig;yg;oDvjzpfap? &Spfyg; q,fyg; ponfwkdYukd jzpfap? MudKufovkd cH,laqmufwnfyg/ jyD;vQif a0blq&mawmf rS pí t&d,mt&Sifjrwfrsm;? Omoemawmf apmifh ewfrsm;? okH;q,fwpfbkH&Sd vl-ewfjA[®m owå0gtaygif;tm; trQa0 arwåmykdY om"kac:? rjypfrSm;tyfaom yk*¾dKvfrsm;tm; jypfrSm; usL;vGefrdwm&Sdu cGifhvTwf auseyfMuyg&ef? &Sdckd;í awmif;yef? rdrdtm; uJh&JY jypfrSm;bl;aom olrsm; &Sduvnf; auseyf pGmcGifhvTwfyg\[k? qkd jyD;vQif? jrwfpGmbk&m;xHwGif ur®|mef;ay; oem;awmf rl yg bk&m; [k ½kdao av;jrwfpGm awmif;/ a0bl q&mawmfbk&m;tm;vnf; pdwfu &nfrSef; &Sdckd;í 0dyóem ur®|mef; awmif;vQif omíaumif;ygonf/ 0dyóem ur®|mef; awmif;jyD; vQif atmufwGif azmfjyonfhtwkdif; tm;xkwfygav/

        xkH;pHtwkdif;toufukd½SKMunfh/ xGufav0ifavonf ESmoD;zsm; xdíoGm;wmukd awGYvdrfhrnf/ rawGYvQif xkH;pHtwkdif;xuf eJeJykdí jyif;jyif;av;av;½SKMunfh/ xGufav 0ifav xdoifhwJhae&mwGif xdrSef; odí vmvdrfhrnf/ xdrSef;odvQif xdwJhae&mrSm pdwfukd xm;vQuf xGufav xGufwkdif;? 0ifav 0ifwkdif;? owdrvpfatmif *½kpkdufí xdwm ukd odatmif pdwfjzifh ½SKíae? xdwJhae&mwGif &dyf&dyf &dyf&dyf ESifh wkd;xdí aewmawGukd odí aevdrfhrnf/

        wpfcgw&H xGufav0ifavxd&m ae&mrS pdwfonf wjcm;okdY a&mufí oGm;wwf onf/ a&mufoGm;rSef;odvQif xGufav0ifav xd&m ae&mrSm pdwfukdjyefíxm;/ xGufav xGufwkdif? 0ifav0ifwkdif;? w&dyf&dyf ESifh xdwmukdom wqufwnf; odí aevm&rnf/ þokdY w&dyf&dyfESifh xdrSef;odí ae&jcif;onf y&rwf ½kyfemrfwkdYukd 0dyóem ½SKí aeonf [k ac:onf/

        tb,faMumifhqkdaomf w&dyf&dyfESifh xdawGY&wJhoabmuav; onf y&rwf azm|AÁ ½kyf jzpfonf/ odwJhoabmonf emrfw&m; jzpfonf/ cE¨mzGJYaomf xdrIoabmonf Mud,m uav; onf ½lyu©E¨m jzpfonf/ xdwJhoabmaMumifh cHvkdYaumif;wJhoabm? cHvkdY raumif; wJhoabm? aumif;onfvnf;r[kwf? raumif;onfvnf;r[kwf aomoabmudk a0' emu©E¨m [k ac:onf/ rSwfwwfwJh oabmukd onmu©E¨m [k ac: onf/ tm;xkwfrI apwemoabm ponfwkdYukd ocFg&u©E¨m [kac:onf/ odwJhoabm ukd 0dnmPu©E¨m [k ac:onf/ xkdYaMumifh xdrIjzpfaom Mud,moabm &dyf&dyf&dyf&dyfaerI wkdYukd ½SKMunfhí ae&jcif; onf y&rwf emrf½kyf jzpfysuftppfukd ½SKae&aom r[m0dyóemtppf[k usrf;*efwGif rdefYqkdyg&Sd\/

0dyóem0dN*dK[f

ynwåð XaywGm tedpöm'dtmuma&e 0d0d"H yówDwd 0dyóem

teuf/ /ynwåð? ynwftm½kHukd? XaywGm? MuOfxm;í? 0g? *½k rpkdufbJ Oayu©mjyKvsuf? tedpöm'dtmuma&e? y&rw¬ obm0 jzpfaom tedpöponfwkd\ tjcif;t&mtm;jzifh? 0d0d"H? txl;xl; tjym;jym;? yówd? ½SKrSwf\/ £wdwo®m? xkdYaMumifh? 0dyóem? 0dyóem rnf\/

t"dyÜg,frSm/    /0dyóem tppfqkdwm y&rw¬obm0jzpfaom Mud,m trlt&mwkdY\ ypöKyÜef rsufarSmufü jzpfysufaerItp&SdonfwkdYukd omvQif Munfh½SKíaejcif;ukdom 0dyóem tppf jzpf onf[lí jzpf\/

        xkdYaMumifh xGufav0ifavwkdYjzifh w&dyf&dyfESifh xdvsuf aerI wkdYukd omvQif txl; *½kpkduf ½SKygav/ xdrIrSwyg;vGJí bmukdrS *½krpkdufygESifh/

        þodkY xGufav0ifavwkdYjzifh xdxdaeaom &dyf&dyfESifhxdawGY uav;awGukd ½SKaejcif; onf tavhtusifhrsm;í vmonf&Sdaomf ESmoD;zsm;wGif xGufav0ifavwkdYjzifh xdíod&aom tod rsdK;xuf ykdí xGufav0ifav rxdEkdifaomcE¨mukd,fwpfae&m&müvnf; a&yGuf uav; awG? rkdCf;aygufuav;awG ESif;aygufuav;awG tyfzsm; uav;awGwkdYESifh xdawGY ae& ouJhokdYvnf; xkdufoifhovkd awGYí vmwwf\/

        xkdokdYaom xdawGYrIMud,moabmuav; onfvnf; ½SKvkdvQif y&rwf ½kyf oabm uav;awGyif jzpfaomaMumifh ½SKMunfhvQif ½SKMunfhEkdif\/ okdY&mwGif tawGYenf;aomtcgü ESmoD;zsm; ü awGYaom xdawGYrIukd omvQif qufí ½SKumwmu omíaumif\/ orm"dtm; aumif; vmvQifrlum; cE¨mukd,fwGif xdawGYrIwkdYonf ykdírsm;jym;pGm awGYvmwwf\/

        cE¨mukd,fwGif xdawGYrIwkdYonf rsm;ívmaomtcgwGif rsm;aom ae&mwGif vkdufí ½SKvkdvQif ½SKrSwfEkdif\/ vkdufí ½SKaomtcg ykdívnf; rsm;rsm;awGYvmwwf\/ avsmhenf; ívnf; aysmufaysmuf oGm;wwf\/ ykdíawGYvQif qufíom ½SKygav/ avsmhí aysmufysufí oGm;ygvQifrl um; rlv&Sd&if;pGJ jzpfaom ESmoD;zsm;wGif jyefí ½SKygav/

        þ 0dyóem tvkyfonf tvkyfrsm;olrsm;? tm;vyfcGifhr& aomolrsm;yif wpfaeYvQif tdyf&m0if-tdyf&mx-wpfa&;Ekd;umvwkdYü tm;xkwf rnfqkdygu wpfaeYjzpfaom 24em&DwGif ,kwfpGtqkH; 2em&D awmh tm; xkwfcGifh&Ekdifygonf/

        u,m;jynfe,f vGdKifaumfjrdKY tmaomu&mr 0dyóemwkduf? Ak'¨omoemhtzGJYcsKyf y#dywådXmeü u,m;jynfe,f e,fole,fom;rsm; rSm aeYtcg y&da,oeudpöwkdYukd aqmif&Guf &í nnrS wpfnvQif wpfem&D-ESpfem&DuspD tm;xkwfMu&m tyg,fukd pdwfcs &avmuf atmif? atmifjrifoGm;aom a,m*Drsm; tawmfyif rsm;Mu ygonf/ okdYtwGuf tm;vyfcGifhr&aomolrsm;rSm wpfaeYvkH; &ufquf tm;vyfcGifh&vQif aeYa&mnyg qufvufí tm;xkwfMuyg&ef apwem aumif;jzifh wkduf wGef;tyfygownf;/

        txufwGif a&;om;xm;csufrsm;twkdif; vkdvkdcsifcsifESifh? t"d ywdwwfaom qE´jzifh tm;xkwfMurnfqkdvQif ESmoD;zsm;rSpí cE¨m ukd,f wpfukd,fvkH; twGif;a&m tjyifyg tyfzsm;wpfckpmrS rusefbJ xdawGY jzpfysufrIrSwpfyg;vGJí? bmukdrSrawGY rod&awmhbJ aevdrfh rnf/ xkdtcg ü jzpfysufrIukd odae½kHrSwyg; vGJí wpfpkHw&m bmukdrS awG;awmjcif;? MuHpnfjcif; rjzpfEkdifrjyKEkdifawmhay/ cE¨mukd,fMuD; ESifhwuG OD;acgif;-ajc-vuftp&Sdaom 32 aum|mo [loa&GY ukdvnf; rawGY& rod&awmh ay/

        xkdaMumifh tedpöjrifrS oEÅwd raysmufEkdif[k ynm&Sdrsm; qkd½kd; jyKMu jcif;jzpfonf/ usrf;*efwGifvnf; tedpöjrifvQif tewåxif[lí ygVdawmfü &Sdayonf/ &SdykHrSm -

                 tedpöondaem arCd, tewåonm oP²mwd-[ljzpf\

teufrSm/      /arCd,-cspfom;arCd,/ tedpöondaem-tedpö onm xifvmonf&Sdaomf? tewåonm-tewå[k xifvmrIonf? oP²mwd-tvkdvkdwnfvm\/

t"dyÜg,frSm/    /tedpöukd jrifvmvQif tewårSm tvkdvkdxifvmyg\ [líjzpf\/ xifvmwwfykHrSm vufOD;tp? O',AÁ,ÓPfü jzpfysufrI wkdYonf olYoabmolaqmifí jzpfysufaeMuojzifh t0o0wåe oabm wnf;[laom tpkd;r&rI tewåonf 0dyóem a,m*D\ÓPfü tvkdvkd wnfvm\/

        xkdYaemuf jzpfysufrIawG tm;MuD;½kHrQru tysufawGukdcsnf; jrif awGYae&aom b*FÓPfokdY aumif;pGma&mufaomtcg tysuf awGcsnf; jrif&ojzifh wpkHw&m ykHoP²mef wnf;[laom ynwf edrdwfwkdYukd tvQif;rawGY&awmhay/ ynwfedrdwfukd tvsif; rawGY&aom tcg ukd,f t*Fgtpdwftykdif;wnf;[laom 32 aum|mowkdYonf tvsif;r&Sday/

        þokdY ynwfedrdwf[lu tEkjrLrQ rawGY&awmhbJ xdawGYrI y&rwftrlt&m Mud,moabmrQ - wkdYukdom&IjrifvQufae&jcif;uk?d oknw oabm jzpfaom? tewåm? igr[kwf? igukd,f r[kwf? a,mufsm; rdef;r vl ewf jA[®m owå0gr[kwf? tykHtpk MuD;i,f wkd&Snf txnfj'yf tp&Sdaom tpktykH ykHo@mef oEÅw Ce [lu jrLrQ r&Sd ygwum; [laom oknw tewåÓPftjrifukd 0dyóema,m*Donf tvkdvdk odem;vnf vmwwf aomaMumifh? &[EÅmt&Sif a0blq&mawmf ocifu axGumvDumawG vkdufí vkyfraeeYJ? jzpfysuf ukdomvQif ½Iae/ olYae&musvQif olYbmomol jrifoifh jrifxkduf wmawGukd jrifíawGYí vm&vdrfhrnf [k rdefYjrGuf awmfrljcif; jzpf\/

        oknwtewåukd xifaomtcg tb,faMumifh o@mefoEÅwd tp&Sdaom Ce[lu jrLrQr&Sd&oenf;[lrl y&rwfjzpfaom trlt&m Mud,moabm oufoufukdcsnf; awGYíae&aomaMumifh[lí ajz& rnf/

y&rwfrnfonf ykHoP²mefrS uif;\

oaAÁyd y&rw¬"r®emr? oAÁaom oP²me&[dwm a[mEÅd/ tmum&0dum&ud&d,rwåm{0 tPkrawåyd oP²mae 'dórmae wo®ð 0w¬Ko®ð taeumy&rw¬"r®m y0wåEÅd/ (okwåedygw t|uxm)

teuf/         /oaAÁyd? tvkH;pkHvnf;jzpfukefaom? y&rw¬"r®emr? y&rwfw&m; rnfonfum;? oAÁaom? tjcif;cyfodrf;? oP²m&[dwm? ykHoP²mefrS uif;ukefonf? a[mEÅd? jzpfukef\/ tmum&0dum&-ud&d,rwåm{0? tjcif;t&m trlt&m Mud,m oabm rQonfomvQif wnf;/ tPkrawåyd? tEkjrLrQvnf;jzpfaom? oP²mae? ykHoP²mef onf/'dórmae?xifjrif onf &Sdaomf? wo®ð 0w¬Ko®ð? xkdtEkjrLrQ txnf j'yfxifaom xkd0w¬K ü/ taeum y&rw¬"r®m? wyg; ru rsm;vSaom y&rwfwkdYonf/ y0wåEÅd? jzpfMu ukef\/

t"dyÜg,frSm/    /y&rwfqkdwm trlt&mMud,mrQom jzpfaomaMumifh ykHoP²mefrS vkH;0uif;\/ oP²mefj'yf [lí tEkjrLrQr&Sd/ xkdYaMumifh a0blq&mawmfuvnf; trlt&m Mud,m rQ jzpfaom w&dyf&dyfESifh xdrIukd omvQif ½SKíae&rnf[k rdefYawmfrljcif;jzpf\/

        txufwGifa&;om;jyocJhonfhtwkdif;? y&rwftedpötppfukd trSefjrif&aom b*FÓPf okdY a&mufaom tcg rdrd\ cE¨ukd,fMuD;ESifhwuG twGif;ty &SdorQ ypönf;? om;orD;? om; r,m;? aqGrsdK;Ówum? t&m&m [lorQwkdYukd cifrifwG,fwm om,mrI uif; vsuf 31bkHrS vGwf ajrmufvkdaom pdwfrsdK; tvkdvkdwkd;yGm; rsm;jym;vsuf vmawmh\/

        avmuMuD;ukd ysif;rkef;jiD;aiGYvsuf aeawmh\/ avmuMuD;rS tvsiftjref vGwfajrmuf &ef b,fvkd vkyf&vQif aumif;ygrnfenf;[k MuHpnftm;xkwfvsuf aewwf\/ xkdtcgwGif w&m; ukd MudK;pm; tm;xkwf vsuf wqufwnf; aeoGm; jcif;onfomvsif aumif;jrwf jcif;ygaywum;[k todw&m;awG 0if vm wwfawmh\/

        þtodw&m;rsdL; 0ifvmpOftcg q&morm;? oDwif;okH;abmf tp&Sdaom uvsmP rdwå rsm;u tm;wufp&m a[majymjyoí ay;wwf ygvQif wquf wnf;aygufajrmufatmif tm; xkwfí oGm;wwfMu\/  þokdY 0dyóem tppfw&m;ukd trSef jrif vm aomtcg avmu MuD;ukd ysif;rkef;jiD;aiGYvsuf avmuMuD;rS vGwf ajrmuf atmif [k qufí½IoGm;vQif? vGwf ajrmuf íoGm;EkdifaMumif; udk usrf;*ef wGifvnf;&Sd\/ &SdykHrSm

  or®m yóH edAÁdE´wd? edAÁdE´H 0d&ZÆwd? 0d&m*g 0drkpöwd? 0drkwåo®ð 0drkwårSDwd ÓPH a[mwd/

teuf/   /or®myóH? ½kyfemrfESpfwef jzpfysuf[efukd trSefjrif onf &Sdaomf? edAÁdE´wd? avmuD pnf;pdrf &dyfjidrfcsrf;om oHa,mZOftjzm jzmwkdYESifhwuG? rdrdukd,fukdESifh toufukdyg wG,fwm uyfjid pdwfr&SdbJ jiD;aiGYom ae&Smawmh\/ edAÁdE´H? ESpfoufarGYavQmf &Tifraysmfí jiD;aiGY onf &Sdaomf? 0d&ZÆwd? ypönf;Opöm &wema&TaiG qefa&pyg; om;r,m; ponf wkdYukdvnf; tmom jywf&Sif; wyfESpfoufjcif;uif;í aeawmh\/ 0d&m*g? wyfESpf oufjcif;tvsOf;r&Sd? tjrpfygwdwd jywfonf&Sdaomf/ 0drkpöwd? udavomumr 0dbm*paom 0#fokH;yg;rS vkH;0vGwf ajrmuf &onf&Sdaomf/ 0drkwåo®ð? oHo&ma&; vmrnfhab;rS vGwf ajrmuf &onf &Sdaomf/ t[H? cE¨memrf½kyf ac:orkwfonfh tuREkfyfonf/ 0drkwåH? cyfodrf; OókH vkH;pkH'ku© tyg,paom ab; b,wkdYrS rkcs{uef trSef vGwf&ayrnf/ trSd? pdwfESvkH;ukd 'kH;'kH;csí od&ygayjyDwum;/ £wd? þokdY at;jrcsrf;om vGwfMunfompGm? ÓPH? ypöa0u©PmÓPf qifjcifjyefonf/ a[mwd? rkcsraoG jzpf&av\/

t"dyÜg,frSm/    /y&rwf 0dyóemÓPf tppftrSefukd awGYjrifod&Sd& onf &Sdaomf jiD;aiGYjrJ "r®wm jzpf\? jiD;aiGYvQif vGwfajrmufatmif MudK; pm; tm;xkwf\/ MudK;pm;tm;xkwfvQif r*fÓPf zkdvfÓPf&í tyg,f ab;rSvGwfajrmuf&\/ vGwfajrmufrSef;odvQif pdwfcsvufcs 0rf; om pGm ae&\/ t&[wår*fzkdvfukd &vQifrlum; ajymzG,f&m r&SdawmhjyD/

        0dyóemÓPfukd tppftrSeftwkdif; jrifonfqkdwm y&rwf ½kyfemrfwkdY\ vu©Pm a&;okH;yg; jzpfaom tedpö?'ku©? tewåvu©Pm wkdYukd trSeftwkdif; jrif&jcif;ukd ac:\/ xkd vu©Pma&; okH;yg;wkdYwGif vnf; tedpöukd odbkYd&mom vkd&if;jzpf\/ tedpöukd od&vQif 'ku© ESifh tewåvnf; tpOftwkdif; tvkdvkd odívm&awmh\? usrf;*efwGifvnf; þ twkdif;yif yg&Sd\/

0dyóemwGif tedpöonf vkd&if;y"me

0daooawm ye  £ro®ð ÓaP tedpövu©Pm 'óear0 y"meH wo®ð 'da|a,0 £w&med uare 'd|med a[mEÅd/ (y&rw¬ 'DyeD#Dum)

teuf/ /0daooawm? txl;tm;jzifhum;/ £ro®ð ÓaP? þ0dyóemÓPf ynm t&mü/ tedpövu©P'óear0y"meH? tedpö vu©Pmukd jrif&jcif;onfomvQif/ y"meH? vkd&if;jzpfaom y"mew&m; onf/ a[mwd? jzpf\/ wo®ð? xkdtedpövu©Pmukd? 'da|a,0? jrif& onf&SdaomfomvQif/ £w&med? þtedpörS MuGif;usefaom vu©Pma&; wkdYukdvnf;/ uare? tpOftwkdif;tm;jzifh/ 'd|med? jriftyfukefonf/ a[mEÅd? jzpfukef\/

t"dyÜg,frSm/    /0dyóemt&mwGif a&S;OD;pGm tedpöukdomvQif odzkdY&m ta&;MuD;\/ tedpö ukdod&vQif usefaom vu©Pma&;ponfwkdYukd tpOftwkdif; tvkdvkdodí vmvdrfhrnf[lí jzpfonf/ xkdYaMumifhvnf; tedpöukd jrif&vQif r*fav;yg;ESifh avsmf\[k y#dorÇd'gygVdawmfü a[mawmfrljcif; jzpf\/ a[mawmfrlykHrSm? 

tedpöukd jrifvQif r*fav;yg;ESifhavsmf\

bdu©a0? cspfom;wkdY/ 0w? pifppfaomfum;/ aom bdu©K? xkd &[ef;onf/ oAÁocFga&? tvkH; pkHaom ocFg&w&m;wkdYukd/ tedpöawm? tedpötm;jzifh/ tEkyóaEÅm? ½SKjrifíae&onf&Sdaomf/ tEkavmrdum,? r*fav;weftm; &jcif;iSmavsmfaom? cEÅD,m? 0dyóem ÓPfESifh/ orÜEé*awm? jynfhpkHonf/ b0dówd? jzpfvwHh/

t"dyÜg,frSm/    / tedpöukd aumif;pGmjrifEkdifvQif r*fav;wef zkdvfav;yg; ukd &Ekdifaom t&nf tcsif; &SdjyD[lí jzpf\/ þrQavmuf tedpö0dyóem ÓPfonf tusdK;MuD;\/ tedpö0dyóem ÓPf wGifvnf; b*FÓPfukd tvGeftm;MuD;aomÓPfjzpfonf/ xkdYaMumifh b*FÓPfukd  Av0 0dyóemÓPf[k ac:&\/

        Av00dyóemÓPfukd a&mufíaeaom 0dyóema,m*D onf b,fvkdtcsdeftcg? ae&m? £&d,mykwfwkdYürqkd r*fÓPfukd &EkdifaMumif;? r&Ekdif[k rqkdtyfaMumif; usrf;*efwGif yg&Sd\/ yg&SdykHrSm --

,ó o'¨g Av0wD 0dyóem p tm&'¨g tm&'¨g wó *päEÅó wd|EÅó edoD'EÅó edyÜZÆEÅó cg'EÅó bkÍÆEÅó r*¾zvy#da0"m emr ew¬Dwd e a[mwd/

teuf/   /,ó? tMuif 0dyóemAv0ÓPf&Sdaom a,m*Dtm;? o'¨gp? ,kHMunf jcif;onfvnf;/ Av0wD? tm;&Sdvmonf/ a[mwd? jzpf\/ 0dyóemp? 0dyóemukdvnf;/ tm&'¨g? tywfwukwf tm; xkwf\/ wó? xkda,m*Dtm;/ *päEÅó? oGm;aepOf/ wd|EÅó? &yfaepOf/ edoD'EÅó? xkdifaepOf/ edyÜZÆEÅó? avsmif;aepOf/ cg'EÅó? vSJaepOf/ bkÍÆEÅó? pm;aepOf/ r*¾zvy#da0"m emr? r*fzkdvfw&m;ukd xkd;xGif;í odjcif;rnfonf/ ew¬d? r&SdEkdifygbl;[lí/ e a[mwd? rjzpf/

t"dyÜg,frSm/    /0dyóemb*FÓPf a&mufvmvQif 0dyóemtm;&SdjyD jzpfí ,kHMunfjcif;? quf vufwkd;wufí tm;xkwfvkdjcif;? tp&Sdaom Av00dyóem t*FgwkdYESifh jynfhpkHívmawmh\/ xkdAv0 0dyóem ÓPf okdY a&mufaepOfwGifrlum; þ0dyóema,m*Donf ,ckvkdtcg r*fÓPf zkdvfÓPfukd r&Ekdifao;yg[k rxifaumif;ay/

        þÓPfokdYa&mufvmvQif tcsdeftcgae&m £&d,mykxfwkdYukdra&G;bJ? oGm;aepOf aomf vnf;aumif;? &yfaepOfaomfvnf;aumif;? xkdifae-xae-pm;ae-aomufaepOf aomfvnf; aumif;? r*fÓPf zkdvfÓPf wkdY ukd &EkdifayjyD;[lí jzpf\/

        xdkYaMumifh txufu a&;jycJhjyD;onfhtwkdif; b*FÓPfa&mufí tedpöukd tjrif tm;MuD;jyD; oknw tewåukd xifvmaoma,m*Donf Av00dyóemÓPfokdY a&muf aejyDjzpfí ,kwfpGtqkH; wr*fwzkdvfukd &onftxd qufvufvsuf tm;wufoa&m tm; xkwf oifh vS ygaMumif; wkdufwGef;vkdufygonf/

 

tm;xkwfykHrSm/  /Av0 0dyóemÓPfokdY a&mufí tedpö- 'kuö-tewå vu©Pm a&; okH;yg; wkdYukd aumif;pGm ½Ijrifae&aomtcg r*fÓPfzkdvf ÓPfokdY a&muf&ef 0dyóemtm; jynfh0 vmvQif r*fÓPfzkdvfÓPfokdY a&mufíoGm;wwf\/

        taMumif;rjynfpkHao;vQifrlum;? ½Ijrifae&aom0dyóemÓPfonfwjznf;jznf; t&Sdef avsmhí ajyaysmuf oGm;wwf\/ ajyaysmufoGm; aomfvnf; £&d,mykxfukd jyifvsuf quf vufí jzpfysufukdyif wzef jyefí tm;xkwfoGm;vQif rMumrDyif Av00dyóemÓPfokdY a&mufjrJ wkdif;yif a&mufíoGm;wwf\/

        Av0 0dyóemÓPfokdY a&mufvQif tedrdwå-tyÜPD[dw-oknwwkdYwGif wpfyg;yg; ukdvnf; a&mufoGm;wwfawmh\/ y#docFg-ÓPf? ocFg½kayu©mÓPfwkdYokdYvnf; a&muf oGm; wwf\/ xkdYaMumifh Av00dyóemÓPfa&mufvQifr*fÓPf zkdvfÓPf ukd ra&muf Ekdif ao; [k rqkdEkdifaMumif; usrf;*efwGif jyqkd jcif;jzpf\/

        ocFg½kayu©mÓPfokdYwpfBudrfa&muf½kHrQESifhvnf;? r*fÓPfzkdvf ÓPfokdY a&mufwwf onfvnf;&Sd\/ ocFg½kayu©mÓPfwkdokdY tBudrf aygif; rsm;pGma&mufNyDrSvnf; r*fÓPf zkdvf ÓPfukd &wwfonfvnf; &Sd\/ okdY&mwGif Av00dyóemÓPfukd a&mufaevQif ravsmh aom vkHYvjzifh tm;xkwfygrlum; {uefrkcs ,kwfpGtqkH; wpfr*fwpfzkdvfukd awmh &awmh rnf qkdwm aocsmNyD[lí rSwfoifhayNyD/

 

r*fÓPfzkdvfÓPfjzpfwwfykH

r*fÓPfzkdvfÓPfukd wu,f&awmhrnfh tBudrfwGif b,fvkd jzpfwwfygoenf;[lrl tedpö vu©Pm ponfwkdYukd ½Iae&if; 0dyóemtm½kH wnf;[laom ocFg&edrdwf ocFw"mwf y&rwfoabmwkdY\ tedpö paom vu©Pma&;wkdYukd t&Sdefjyif;pGm xifxif&Sm;&Sm; vsifvsif jrefjref ½Ijrifae&mrS ocFg&edrdwfr&Sd[k tocFw"mwfokdY ½kwfw&uf tm½kHjyKí oGm;wwf wmrsdK;vnf;&Sd\/

        xkdokdYr[kwfrl ocFg&edrdwf tedpövu©Pm ponfwkdYukd t&Sdef jyif;jyif; xefxef vsifvsifjrefjref jzpfysuf aeonfwkdYukd ½Ijrifae&if; wjznf;jznf; t&Sdefavsmhenf;í vmovkd jzpfvsuf jznf;nif; om,mpGm rodrom qkdovkd wpxufwp El;nHhodrfarGpGm jzpfí vm aom 0dyóem tm½kHwkdYukd vTwfvsuf jzpfjcif;? ysufjcif;? tvsif;r&Sdaom avmuDtm½kH wkdYrS vkH;0 uif;vGwfaom avmu xuf jrufaom avmukwå&medAÁmef tm½kHokdY ul;ajymif;í tm½kH oGm; wmrsdK;vnf;&Sd\/

        þokdY 0dyóemÓPfrS r*fÓPfzkdvfÓPfjzpfí edAÁmefukd rsuf arSmufjyKoGm;aomtcg b,fvkd aeygoenf;[lrl a0blq&mawmf bk&m;MuD;u rdefYMum;awmfrlonfrSm a&iwfí vm aom olonf a&ukd aomuf &ouJhokdY Oyrmjyawmfrlonf/ usrf;*efwGifrl ajy;í vm aom vlwpfa,mufonf a&ajrmif;wpfckukd þrSmbufurf;rS [kdrSmbufurf;okdY ckefí ul;oGm;EkdifouJhokdY[k Oyrmjyawmfrlonf/ xkdYjyifvnf; Oyrmaygif; rsm;pGm&Sdygonf/ tus,f ukd odvkdygrl 0dok'¨dr*f ok'G¨öd ESifhv,fwDq&mawmf bk&m;MuD;\ edAÁme'DyeDukd Munfhygav/

        0dyóemtm;xkwfoGm;&if; 0dyóema,m*Drsm;\ odjrifawGY&Sd oGm;wwfykH tus,fukd tvkd&Sdygrl vlwkdif; em;vnfvG,fatmif a&;xm; onfh uREkfyfwkdY y#dywådMuD;yGm;a&; tzGJYcsKyfrS xkwfa0aom 0dyóemyg&*l usrf;awmfMuD;ukd zwfygav/

        0dyóema,m*Drsm;wGif okcy#dy'gç 'ku©y#dy'gç 'E¨mbdnmç cdyÜgbdnm [lí av;rsdK;av;pm;&Sd\/ okcy#dy'gyk*¾dKvf qkdonfrSm w&m;tm;xkwf&mwGif oufouf omomESifh r*fÓPfzkdvfÓPfukd &oGm; Ekdif\/ 'ku©y#dy'gyk*¾dKvfrsm;rSm yifyifyef;yef; qif&J jidKjiif pGm jzifh r*fÓPf zkdvfÓPfukd &wwf\/ cdyÜgbdnmyk*¾dKvfrSm jrefjrefyif r*fzkdvfukd & wwf \/

        okdYjzpfí oufawmifhoufom csrf;csrf;omomESihf tm;xkwf& jcif;? cufcufcJcJ qif;&J jidKjiifpGm tm;xkwf&jcif;? vQifjrefpGm &wwfjcif;? MumrS &wwfjcif;wkdYrSm rdrd\ yg&rD tavsmuf jzpf wwfaomaMumihf þ tcsufwkdYukd *½krpkdufbJ tyg,fwHcg;ydwf onf txd tm;cJí tm;xkwf Mu&ef oifhygaMumif;/

        ,ckusrf;wGif a&;jyaom a0blq&mawmfbk&m;MuD;\ 0dyóem enf;onf tmemyge enf;jzpf\/ tmemygeonf orxvnf; jzpfEkdif \? 0dyóemvnf; jzpfEkdif\? xkdYaMumihf usrf;*ef wGif orxü tmemygeukd orxtjzpf tm;xkwfenf;ukd a&;om; xm;awmfrl\/ ,ck a0blq&mawmfbk&m;MuD;\ enf;rSm 0dyóemenf; jzpfí tmemygejzifh 0dyóem vrf; twkdif;oGm;aom yk*¾dKvfrsm;rSm edAÁmeftxd a&mufEkdif aMumif; usrf;*ef tukd;tum;rsm; ukd a&;jy OD;tHh/

tmemygeonf t&[wåzkdvfukd &EkdifaMumif; owdy|mef t|uxm

wwå-xkdtmemygeykdif;ü? tómoyómoy&d*¾g[dumowd? xGufouf0ifoufukd ½SKrSwf aom owd onf/ 'ku©opöH? 'ku©opömwnf;/ wóork|mydum-xkdowdukd jzpfapwwfaom? yk&drwPSm-ukokdvf uHukd jycJh&m a&S;b0umv jyD;cJhaomwPSmonf? ork',opöH? ork', opömwnf;/ ObdEéH tyÜ0wåd- 'ku©ESifhork',ESpfyg;wkdY\ csKyfjidrf;&m edAÁmefonf? eda&m"opöH? eda&m"opömwnf;? 'ku©y&dZmeaem? 'ku©ukd vnf; ykdif;jcm;í odaom? ork',yÜZ[aem? ork',ukdvnf; y,faom? eda&m"m&r®aPm? edAÁmefukdvnf; tm½kHjyKaom/ t&d,ra*¾g? t&d,r*f onf/ r*¾opöH? r*¾opömwnf;/ {0H? þokdY? pwkopö0aoe? opömav;yg; wkdY\ tpGrf;jzifh/ OóuúdwGm? 0dok'¨dtqifhqifh tm;jzifhwufí/ edAÁLwH? udavomjidrf;at;jcif;okdY/ ygykPmwd? a&muf\/ £wd? þokdY a&muf EkdifaomaMumifh/ £'H tmemyge ur®|meH? þtmemyge ur®|mef;onf/ tómoyómo0aoe tbded0d|ó? xGufouf 0ifouf\ tvkdtm; jzifh xdrSKazm|AÁm½kHukd ESvkH;oGif;aom/ {uó bdu©Kaem? wpfOD;wnf; aom &[ef;\/ ,m0 t&[wm? t&[wåzkdvfwkdifatmif/ ed,smerkcH? 0#fqif;rSxGufajrmuf aMumif;aywnf;/ 4if;jyif-

tmeygeowdESifjynfhpkHvQif edAÁmefjrif

tmemygeówd bdu©a0 bm0dwm A[kvDuwm pwåma&m owdy|mae y&dyla&wd? pwåma&m owdy|mem bm0dwm A[kvduwm owåaAmZÑa*F y&dyla&EÅd/ owåaAmZÑ*Fg bm0dwm A[kvduwm 0dZÆm0drkwåð y&dyla&EÅd/ (Oy&dyPÖmo ygVd? pmrsufESm 124)

bdu©a0? cspfom;wkdY/ tmemygeówd-tmemyge owdy|mefukd/ bm0dwm?yGm;onf&Sdaomf/ A[kvduwm? Mudrfzefrsm;pGm yGm;onf&Sdaomf/ pwåma&m owdy|mae? av;yg;aom owdy|mef w&m;ESifh/ y&dyla&EÅd? jyD;jynfhpkHapEkdifukef\/  pwåma&m owdy|mae? av;yg;aom owdy|mef w&m;wkdYukd/ bm0dwm? yGm;onf&Sdaomf/ A[kvDuwm? Mudrfzef rsm;pGm yGm;rsm;onf&Sdaomf/ owå aAmZÑa*F? ckepfyg;aom aAmZÑifw&m;wkdYESifh/ y&dyla&EÅd? jyD; jynfhpkHapEkdifukef\/ owå aAmZÑa*F? ckepfyg;aomaAmZÑif w&m;wkdYukd/ bm0dwm? yGm;onf &Sdaomf/ A[kvDuwm? Mudrfzef rsm;pGm yGm;onf&Sdaomf/ 0dZÆm0drkwåð? r*fÓPf zkdvfÓPftxl;wkdYESifh/ y&dyla&EÅd? jyD;jynfhpkH apEkdif \/ 4if;jyif

        tmemygeonf wxkdifwnf;jzihf &[EÅmjzpfEkdif\/

rZÑdryPÖmo t|muxmteuf

£"? þomoemawmfü/ bdu©K? &[ef;onf/ tmemygeówð? tmemygeowdESifh/ tEk,kawåm? ,SOfonfjzpfí/ {umoae? wxkdif wnf;aom ae&mü/ edodaEém? aevsufomvQif/ oAÁmoa0? tvkH;pkH aom tmoa0gw&m;av;yg;wkdYukd/ acaywGm? Ukefap í/ t&[wåH? t&[wåzkdvfokdY/ ygykPmwd? a&mufapEkdif\/ wxm? Xkdxkdaom twkdif;/ toauúmaEÅm? ra&mufEkdifao;onf&Sdaomf/ r&Pumav? aocgeD; umvü/ oroDod? ormoDo&[EÅm onf/ a[mwd? jzpfEkdif\/ wxm? xkdqkdjyD;wkdif;/ touúaEÅm? ra&muf Ekdif ao; onf&Sdaomf/ a0'avmau? ewfjynfü/ edAÁwGm? jzpfí/ "r®uxdua'0ykwåó? "r®uxdu ewfom; \/ "r®H? w&m;awmfukd/ okwGm? Mum;emí/ t&[wåH? t&[wåzkdvfokdY? ygykPmwd? a&mufEkdif\/ wawm? xkdewfjynfrS? 0d&a'¨g? cRwfvGJcJh onf&Sdaomf? Ak'¨KyÜga'? bk&m;&SifwkdY \ jzpf&macwftcgonf/ tEkyaEém? rjzpfrMuHK cJhonf&Sdaomf/ yapöuaAm"ð? yapöuaAm"dÓPf udk/ opäd-ua&mwd? rsufarSmufjyKEkdif\? yapöuaAm"dÓPfudk/ topädua&maEÅm? rsufarSmuf rjyKEkdifao;onf&Sdaomf/ Ak'¨geH? yGifhawmfrlvwHhukefaom bk&m;&SifwkdY\/ or®Kcdbma0?rsufarSmufaomtjzpfü/ Am[d,aw¬&m-'a,m 0d,? Am[d,rax&f tp&SdonfwkdY\/ cdyÜgbdanm? vsifaom tbdÓPf&Sdaom/ cDPmoa0g? &[EÅmonf/ a[mwd? jzpfEkdif\/

        þtxufyg ygVdrsm;t& tmemygeonf &[EÅmtxd jzpfEkdif aMumif; ponfwkdYrSm ,kHrSm;zG,f r&Sdawmhay/ 4if;jyifvnf; a0bl q&mawmfbk&m;MuD; tm; &[EÅm[lí ,ckypöKyÜef b0üyif xif&Sm; ausmfMum; aeonf wkdYukd axmufí rodrvdr®maomoltcsdKYu tmemyge onf tm;xkwfí jzpfEkdifaom w&m; rsdK;r[kwfbl;/ 0dyóemqkdwm emr½ly y&dapä'-ÓPfxuf ykdí vkyfzG,fr&Sdbl;/ w&dyf&dyf w&G&G qkdwm 0dyóemtm½kH r[kwfbl;/ aoG;awG avawG wkd;acGYaewmawGom jzpfonf/ 0dyóem qkdwm ½SK&wm r[kwfbl;/ MuHpnfawG;awm pOf;pm; íMunfh? ,kHMunfvmvQif 0dyóem tvkyf jyD;wmyJ[lí ajymqkd-a[majym-a&;om; Muonf wkdYukd em;ra,mif rdMu ygap&ef owday;vkdufygownf;/

        txufyg tmemyge0dyóem enf;twkdif; þpmtkyfukd Munfhítm;xkwfvdkvQif ausmufqnfjrdKY a0blq&mawmf bk&m;MuD;xH oGm;a&mufí tm;xkwfMuyg? y#dywådMuD;yGm;a&; tzGJYcsKyf? trSwf39? 87vrf;? &efukefokdY vmvQifvnf; jyoí ay;ygrnf/ vlukd,fwkdif rvmEkdifvQifvnf; pmeJY ar;í tm;xkwfyg/ pmjzifhyif jyefí jyo ay;ygonf/ rnfolrqkd wu,fvkdcsifí txl; MudK;pm; tm;xkwf Ekdif rnfqkdvQif? vkHYv yg&rD tavsmufjzpfEkdifaMumif;&J0HhpGmwm0efcHygonf/

        ,ck a&;jyjyD;cJhaom a0blq&mawmfbk&m;MuD;xHrS &aom 0dyóemenf; onf0dyóemoufouf y&rwftm½kHwkdYukdom oefYoefY a&;jyoGm;&jcif; jzpfygonf/ tmemyge qkdwm 0dyóemtm½kHESifh orxtm½kH ESpfrsdK;pvkH; wGJíaeygonf/ orxtm½kH qkdwmu xGufav0ifavjzpfygonf/ 0dyóemtm½kH qkdwmu xGufav0ifav wkd; oGm; aomaMumifh jzpfay:&aomxdrSK Mud,moabmuav;yif jzpfygonf/ tpyxrü xGufav0ifav ESifhuif;í ESmoD;zsm;wGif xdrSKESifh uif;ívnf; xGufav0ifav onfrawGYEkdifyg/ xdrSKESifh uif;íxGufav0ifavrjzpfEkdifyg/ xGufav0ifavESifhxdrSK oabm uav;onf twlwl ,SOfazmf ,SOfzufjzpfí? wpfrsdK;jzpfw,fqkdvQif usef wpfrsdK; yg jzpf&ygonf/

        okdY&mwGif xGufav0ifavukd *½kpkdufí ½SKaevQif xdrSKoabm onf tm;enf;í &Hzef&Hcg rxif&Sm;ovkd jzpfwwfygonf/ xdrSKukd ykdí *½kpkdufjyD; ½SKaomtcg xdrSKu xGufav0ifavxuf ykdí xif&Sm;vm wwfyg onf/ okdY&mwGif xGufav0ifavwnf;[laom orxtm½kHESifh xdrSKwnf;[laom y&rwftm½kHwkdYrSm wpfckESifhwpfck ruif;Ekdif &um; xGufav0ifavukd *½kpkdufí orxvrf;ukd vkdufaom olrsm;onfvnf; MumMumtm; xkwf rd vQif ESmoD;zsm;ESifh cE¨mukd,fwGif xdrSK0dyóem tm½kHawGonfxkdufoifhovkd tvkdvkd ay:vmwwf ayonf/   ay:vmaomfvnf; 0dyóemtm½kHrSef; rodwwfMuí *½krpkdufí aysmuf ysuf oGm;wwfMuygonf/

        odaomolrsm;rSmvnf; orxukdom tvkd&Sdonfjzpfí xdrSK wnf;[laom 0dyóemtm½kHukd vspfvsL½SKvkdufojzifh aysmufysufí oGm;wwfMu\/ xdrSK0dyóem tm½kHukdom*½kpkdufí ½SKoGm;aomolrsm; rSmvnf; xGufav0ifavpaom ynwftm½kHrsm;ESifh awGY& wwf onf omvQif jzpf\/ awGY&aomfvnf; ynwftm½kHrSef;odí *½krpkdufbJ y&rwf tm½kHrsm; wpfrsdK;wnf;ukdom *½kpkdufí ½SKjrifojzifh ynwftm½kH rsm; avsmhenf; aysufysufoGm;wwfonf/ okdY&mwGif tmemygeukd quf vQuf tm;xkwfaeaomolrsm;rSm xdrSK 0dyóem oabmukdom *½kpkdufí ½SKoGm;onfqkdaomfvnf; trsdK;rsdK;aom orxedrdwf ynwf tm½kHwkdY onf jzpfay:í vmwwfonf/

b,fvkdjzpfay:vmwwfygoenf;[lrl/

orxynwf edrdwfrsm; ay:vmwwfykH

        tmemyge tvkyfonf xGufav0ifav ynwfESifhxdrSKy&rwf wkdYonf tpkHpkH jydKifwljzpf&onfjzpfí xdrSK0dyóemukdom tm½kHjyKí ½SKaeygqkdaomfvnf; xGufav0ifav wnf;[laom ynwfedrdwf tm½kH onf xif&Sm;í vmwwfonf/ xif&Sm;í vmwwfykHrSm xGufav0ifav wkdYonf tvkH; tacsmif;MuD; uJhokdYvnf;aumif;? t&Snftwkd uJhokdYvnf; aumif;? tckd;taiGYuJhokdYvnf;aumif;? xifívmwwf\/

        ESmoD;0\a&SY wpfxGm wpfawmif ESpfawmifavmufokdY a&muf oGm;ouJhokdYvnf; aumif;? ESmoD;0rS twGif;okdYvnf; vnfacsmif;rS &if0? csufwkdiftxd a&mufoGm; ouJhokdYvnf;aumif; xifí vmwwf \/ xGufav0ifav wnf;[laom tckd;taiGYawGonf wdrfckd; wdrfaiGYawG uJhokdYvnf;aumif;/ qGwfqGwfjzLí aeouJhokdY vnf;aumif;? qyfjym rSKefYawG uJhokdYvnf;aumif;? xifíjrifí vmwwf\/

        xkdYjyif xGufav0ifavwkdYESifhwuG vufvufvufvufESifh a&T csnf aiGcsnfrSKHuav; awG uJhokdY vnf;aumif;? rD;zGmuav;awGuhJokdY ykd; pkef;MuL;awmufouJhokdYvnf;aumif;? ykvJvkH;&GJvkH;uav; awG uJhokdYvnf;aumif; xGufvkduf0ifvkdufESifhvnf; jzpfaewwf\/

        þum; xGufav0ifavESifh twl a&maxG;vsuf jrif &wwf aom orxynwfedrdwfwkdYwnf;/ xGufav0ifavESifh uif;uGm vsuf awGY& wwf aom orxynwfedrdwfrsm;rSmrlum; tmemyge tvkyf ukd vkyfae &if; wpfae&m&mrS tMunfvkH; uav;rsm;uJhokdY t&G,ftrsdK;rsdK; ay:vm wmukd jrif&wwf\? vufESdyf"mwfrD; xkd;vkduf ouJhokdYvnf; jrifvm& wwf\? ae v Mu,f eu©wf wm&mponfwkdYukdvnf; jrif&wwf\/

        okH;q,fhwpfbkHü &Sdwwfaom opfyifawm awmif a& ajr ork'´&m tp&Sdaom ½SKarQmf cif; trsdK;rsdK; wkdYukdvnf;jrif&wwf\/ tcsdKY ½SKarQmfcif;rsm;rSm tvGefw&mrS om,m MunfEl;zG,f&m aumif;ojzifh tjrJyif Munfhjrifí om aevkdaompdwfrsdK; jzpfwwf\/

        xkdYjyif touf&Sdaom vl?ewf?jA[®m?e*g;?*VKef? *krÇmef?,u©?i&J? wd&pämef? jydwåm tp &SdonfwkdYuJhokdY aom oabmw&m;rsm;ukdvnf; jrif&wwf\/ 0dZÆm?aZmf*sD tp&Sdaom yk*¾dKvf wkdYESifhvnf;awGY&? pum;ajym&? "mwfvkH;"mwfjym; ponfwkdYukdauR;&?pm;& ponfwkdYESifhvnf; awGYMuHK&wwf\/

        xkdrQru avmuü&Sdwwfaom ouf&SdoufrJh t&m0w¬K ponf wkdYukdvnf; tqifoifhovkd awGY& wwf\/ awGY&onf qkdaomfvnf; tmemygeukd tm;xkwfolwkdif; ,ck a&;jy oavmufpkHatmif awGY&onf [k rqkdvkdyg/ wcsdKYvJ enf;enf;yJ awGY&onf/

        þokdY rsufpdjzifh jrif&ouJhokdY awGY&wwfaom oabmwkdYrSm ynwf edrdwf csnf;omvQif jzpfyg onf/ xkdokdYaom ynwfedrdwfrsm; teufrS ta&miftvif;ESifh jynfhpkH aom edrdwf vkH;wpfckckukd tjrJojzifh jrifatmifMunfh aernfqkdygvQif orx psmefvrf;twkdif; wuf íoGm;Ekdif \/ þuJhokdY psmefvrf;twkdif; wufoGm;ykHukd odvkdvQif uREkfyfwkdY y#dywåd MuD;yGm;a&; tzGJYcsKyfrS xkwfa0aom 0dyóem yg&*lusrf;awmfMuD;wGif Munfhygav/

        tmemygeenf;jzifh 0dyóemvrf;ukd vkdufaom yk*¾dKvfrsm;tzkdY rSmrl ,ckazmfjyaom orxynwf edrdwf[loa&GYukdvspfvsLjyK&rnfomjzpfygonf/ vspfvsLrjyKrlí rufarm aevQif 0dyóemtEÅ&m,fjzpfvsuf 0dyóemÓPf rwufbJ aewwfonf/ ynwftm½kH rSeforQ bmukdrQ *½krpkduf&? ewfawG 0dZÆmawGESifh awGY& pum;ajym&? auR;arG;&wmukd pm;&? tMuHÓPf ay;oGm;wmukd Mum;&aomfvnf; rdrdukd,frdrd txifrMuD;&? aoG;rMuD;&? 0rf;rajrmuf&? trQa0vkdufyg? olwkdY wawG 0dyóemÓPfukd wkd;wufatmif vkyfray;Ekdifyg/ olwdkYESifh awGY&onfh twGuf rmefwufjyD; tvkyfawmif ysufwwfonf/

        okdY&mwGif pdwfaumif; ESvkH;aumif;ESifh trQa0arwåm ykdYvkdufvQif olwkdYu ykdí MunfndK ygvdrfhrnf/ tmemygeukd tm;xkwf&if; awGY&onfh ouf&SdoufrJh tp&SdonfwkdYrSm wu,f tppftrSefawGukd awGY&wmyJ [lívnf; trSefrqkdEkdifyg/ wcsdKYrSm tdrfrufawG awGY& ouJhokdY pdwftm½kH tavsmuf xifjrif&wmawGvnf; jzpfwwfonf/

        txl;owdjyK&efrSm 0dyóemw&m;ukd tm;xkwfaom a,m*D rSeforQwkdYrSm ouf&SdoufrJh tp&Sdaom ynwfedrdwfwkdYukd pdwftm½kHü awGY vQif ynwfawG[líom rSwfyg/ Mobmo tp&Sdaom ta&mif tvif; awGukd awGYvQifvnf; þoabmawGonf y&rwftm½kH r[kwf ojzifh vspfvsL½SKvkdufyg/ ta&miftvif; tqif;o@mef rSeforQ wkdYonf pdwftm½kHrSm ay:vmaomfvnf; xdawGYrSKoabmjzpfaom y&rwftm½kHukdom pGJpGJjrJjrJ oJoJrJrJ MuD; rvGwfwrf; tywfwukwf tm; xkwfí ½SKygav? okdYrSom 0dyóem vrf;rSefusí r*fÓPf zkdvfÓPfukd vsifvsiffjrefjref ajzmifhajzmifhwef;wef;MuD; a&mufEkdif rnfjzpfygaMumif; apwemaumif;jzifh owday;tyfygonf/

0dyóemppfwrf;

        ,cktcg 0dyóemtppfawG ay:vmovkd twkawGvJ &SdaMumif; owdjyKyg/ tppfqkdwm ypöKyÜeftckdufü ukd,fwkdifawGY&aom jrif Mum; eH vsuf xd odrSKwkdYwGif wpfrsdK;wnf;ukd jzpfap? ESpfrsdK;? okH;rsdK;? av;rsdK;? ig;rsdK;? ajcmufrsdK;? ponfwkdYukd jzpfap? 4if;wkdY\ jzpfysufrSKawGukdcsnf; ½SKjrif&atmif tm;xkwf&\/ ½SKonfhtwkdif; jrifvmawmhrS tedpö-0dyóem jzpf\/ tedpöEkyóem jzpfívmvQif'ku©mEkyóem tewåm-Ekyóem vnf; wpfqufwnf;jzpfvsuf r*fzkdvfxdatmif a&mufoGm;Ekdif \/ tJ'grS 0dyóem tppf jzpf\/

        0dyóemtwkqkdwm ½kyfemrf"r® ocFg&wkdY\ twdwftem*wf-ypöKyÜef taMumif; rsm;ukd pOf;pm;qifjcif awG;awmMuHqí ,laejcif;ukd ac:\/ þokdYaom tvkyfrsdK;rSm y&rwftedpöukd wu,fawGY&wm r[kwf? pdwful;MuHpnfrSKom jzpfaomaMumifh usrf;*ef wGif uvmy-oroe [k rdefYqkdawmfrl\/

        0dyóemtppfukd tm;xkwfaomolonf tm;xkwfoefvmvQif tedpöukd aumif;pGm awGY& aomtcg Mobmo tp&Sdaom ynwfedrdwf rsm;ESifh enf;onfjzpfap rsm;onfjzpfap rawGY&bJ rae&? awGY&rnf jzpf\? pdwful;rQjzpfaom uvmyoroeorm;rsm;rSm tedpöukd b,favmufyJ xifygw,fqkdayr,fh pdwfxifrQom jzpfaomaMumifh 0dyóemtppf r[kwf ao;í Mobmo b,fawmhrS rawGYEkdif/

        okdYjzpfí pdwful;MuHpnfí ,l&wm rSeforQ 0dyóemtppf r[kwf? uvmyoroeom jzpfygonf/ 0dyóemtppfqkdwm pdwful; jcif;ukd vTwfí y&rwf tedpöukd rawGYawGYatmif ½SKaejcif; onfomvQif 0dyóemtppfjzpfygonf/

        aomwmyefqkdwm 0dyóemtppfukd tm;xkwf&rS aomwmyef jzpfEkdif\? aomwmyeftppf jzpfw,fqkdvQif r*fÓPfzkdvfÓPfjzifh edAÁmef ukd wu,f rsufarSmufjyK&\/ edAÁmefukd wpfMudrfrsufarSmufjyKzl;vQif aemufxyfwpfem&Davmufjzpfap ykdí jzpfap? vkdíjzpfap? rdrdoabm &Sdoavmuf edAÁmefukd rsufarSmufjyK&ygvkd\[k t"d|mef NyKí 0dyóemukd cgwkdif;vkdyif tm;xkwf? awmifawmiftDtD ponfwkdYukd pdwfrul;ygESifh? þokdY 0dyóemukd tm;xkwfae&if; 0dyóemtm½kHwkdYukd vGefajrmuf vsuf edAÁmefukd tm½kH jyKrdvsufom; jzpfoGm;vdrfhrnf/ þokdY t"d|mefjzifh tm½kHjyKzl;rS aomwmyef tppfjzpfaMumif; pdwfcs&rnf/

        ,ck þusrf;ukd a&;jy&jcif;rSm vlwkdif;vlwkdif; &[EÅm t&Sifjrwf a0blq&mawmfbk&m;MuD;\ Oyedosukd tvG,fwulenf;,lrSwfom; aygufajrmufatmif ,ckcsufjcif; tm;xkwfí oGm;EkdifMuyg&ef &nfoef ½kd;&Sif; ESvkH;oGif;jcif;jzifhom a&;jy&jcif;jzpfygonf/

 

0dyóemq&mMuD;

trSwf39? 87-vrf;? &efukef (1975)

Last Updated ( Monday, 19 November 2007 )